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Analysis of the Effects of Mechanically Induced tremor on EEGEMG Coherence Using Wavelet and Partial Directed Coherence

Authors: 

Lara M. McManus, Francesco Budini, Francesco Di Russo, Marika Berchicci, Federica Menotti, Andrea Macaluso, Giuseppe De Vito, Madeleine Lowery

Publication Type: 
Refereed Conference Meeting Proceeding
Abstract: 
Corticomuscular coherence between human cortical rhythms and surface electromyography (sEMG) is commonly observed within the beta (13-35 Hz) and gamma (35- 60 Hz) band frequency ranges, but is typically absent within the alpha band (8-12 Hz) in healthy subjects. A recent study has shown that significant alpha band corticomuscular coherence can be mechanically induced in healthy subjects using a spring of appropriate stiffness. Traditional coherence analysis is limited to examining whether a correlation exists between the electroencephalograph (EEG) and EMG recordings, by portraying instances of mutual synchrony. In this study the temporal evolution and directionality of the interaction between the EEG and EMG signals during mechanically induced alpha band coherence were investigated using two recent extensions of classical coherence, wavelet analysis and partial directed coherence. The results indicate a significant increase in directional information flow within the alpha and piper band frequency ranges in the EMG to EEG direction, and appear to provide evidence of the contribution of afferent feedback, and to a lesser extent descending cortical drives, to alpha band corticomuscular coherence.
Conference Name: 
6th Annual International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): 
10.1109/NER.2013.6695996
Publication Date: 
07/11/2013
Conference Location: 
United States of America
Research Group: 
Institution: 
National University of Ireland, Dublin (UCD)
Open access repository: 
No