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Subject-Dependent and -Independent Human Activity Recognition with Person-Specific and -Independent Models

Publication Type: 
Refereed Conference Meeting Proceeding
The distinction between subject-dependent and subject-independent performance is ubiquitous in the Human Activity Recognition (HAR) literature. We test the hypotheses that HAR models achieve better subject-dependent performance than subject-independent performance, that a model trained with many users will achieve better subject-independent performance than one trained with a single user, and that one trained with a single user performs better for that user than one trained with this and other users by comparing four algorithms' subject-dependent and -independent performance across eight data sets using three different approaches, which we term person-independent models (PIMs), person-specific models (PSMs), and ensembles of PSMs (EPSMs). Our analysis shows that PSMs outperform PIMs by 3.5% for known users, PIMs outperform PSMs by 13.9% and ensembles of PSMs by a not significant 2.1% for unknown users, and that the performance for known users is 20.5% to 48% better than for unknown users.
Conference Name: 
international Workshop on Sensor-based Activity Recognition and Interaction
6th international Workshop on Sensor-based Activity Recognition and Interaction (iWOAR '19)
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): 
Publication Date: 
Conference Location: 
National University of Ireland, Cork (UCC)
Tyndall National Institute
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