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Dynamic balance deficits 6 months following first-time acute lateral ankle sprain: a laboratory analysis

Authors: 

Cailbhe Doherty, Chris Bleakley, Jay Hertel, Brian Caulfield, John Ryan, Eamonn Delahunt

Publication Type: 
Refereed Original Article
Abstract: 
Objective To utilize kinematic and stabilometric measures to compare dynamic balance during performance of the Star Excursion Balance Test between persons 6 months following first-time lateral ankle sprain (LAS) and a noninjured control group. Background Biomechanical evaluation of dynamic balance in persons following first-time LAS during performance of the Star Excursion Balance Test could provide insight into the mechanisms by which individuals proceed to recover fully or develop chronic ankle instability. Methods Sagittal plane kinematics of the lower extremity and the center-of-pressure path during the performance of the anterior, posterolateral, and posteromedial reach directions of the Star Excursion Balance Test were obtained from 69 participants 6 months following first-time acute LAS and from a control group of 20 noninjured participants. Results Compared to the control group, the LAS group displayed lower normalized reach distances in all 3 reach directions on the injured and noninjured limbs, with the largest observed effect size in the posterolateral direction (P = .001, ηp2 = 0.07). The performance impairment was associated with less hip and knee flexion and ankle dorsiflexion at the point of maximum reach (P<.02), and coincided with less complexity of the center-of-pressure path (P<.05). Conclusion Participants with a 6-month history of LAS exhibit a persistence of deficits previously established in the acute phase of injury. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2015;45(8):626–633. Epub 24 Jun 2015. doi:10.2519/jospt.2015.5653
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): 
10.2519/jospt.2015.5574
Publication Status: 
Published
Publication Date: 
01/01/2015
Journal: 
The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical… 2015
Research Group: 
Institution: 
National University of Ireland, Dublin (UCD)
Open access repository: 
No